The HIF Handwashing Problem Report usage WASH in Emergencies Problem Exploration Report includes the SpaTap 2.3.2 within “2.3 Emerging Technologies for Handwashing,”section.
Why SpaTap is better than other solutions that exist:
2.2.1 Oxfam Buckets – The 14 litres of water held by the bucket are wasted when the tap turns on as there is only one flow rate. It is easily broken, difficult to carry by a small child. SpaTap can provide 1000 hand washes with 15 litres of water when in water saving mode or a shower that last 2 hours and 36 minutes. The image shown in the HIF report shows a great deal of water wastage. The Oxfam bucket is not for personal use. Whereas a SpaTap is a personal Tap for life.
2.2.2 The Tippy Tap
Whilst the tippy tap goes some way towards water saving efficiency, it by no means excels at 50ml per hand wash. The SpaTap can clean hands with even smaller amounts of water (20ml-25ml) if water scarcity is an issue. The tippy taps need to be placed in situ and cannot be easily moved without effort, they are mechanical by nature and therefore are prone to breakage. SpaTap in contrast, is virtually unbreakable and can be hung either inside a dwelling or outside. Soap bars are commonly “lost” with a tippy tap whereas the SpaTap has the ability to fix a soap bar in place, the movability of the SpaTap means that it can be positioned anywhere, away from puddles where feet are likely to get wet.
The SpaTap does not need to be shared and can be operated with one hand.
tippy taps are commonly only used after the latrine as they were not positioned near houses. SpaTap can be placed anywhere, conveniently.
Theft of soap bars is diminished as the soap bar is no longer shared or in a public setting where the likelihood of theft has a greater chance of occurring.
2.2.3 BushProof Handwashing Containers
Oxfam’s study found that they were exclusively used after defecation but not before eating, because they were located near latrines and locals did not want the inconvenience of constantly moving to wash hands. SpaTap can be taken anywhere or installed wherever it is most convenient, in a communal setting or in a private residence.
Benefits of the BPHWC that have similarities to the SpaTap operation are its ability to use without assistance, the nozzle felt like using a tap, as with SpaTap, however under 5’s and the disabled had a hard time opening the nozzle. SpaTap is easy to use by under 5’s and disabled people due to its squeeze release mechanism.
Oxfam recommend BPHWC was UV stable, SpaTap already is UV stable and can withstand the rigours of the harsh Australian Outback and has survived over 50 4WD vehicles driving over it one at a time.
Cross contamination is reduced with own your own tap as SpaTap has demonstrated.
2.2.4 Handwashing Bags
Usage was low at the end of the study, cited reason was an inability to hang the bag, in contrast, SpaTap can be hung anywhere, The bag was felt to be to small 10 litres, SpaTap has been fitted to bottles of up to 15 litres or more. The bag had a bad smell if left In the Sun, SpaTap is smell neutral and UV stable. The bags only lasted 2.73 months whereas SpaTap will last a lifetime.
The Communal Wash Stations pictured in the 2.25 (FIGURE 4)
Figure 4 shows a line of taps with normal brass faucets. Often these are stolen; SpaTap is a personal tap thus making it hard to steal. Communal taps were left on and wasted water. SpaTap turns itself off after one pump. Only when the bung is removed is there a free flow of water which is stopped by the replacement of the bung. The brass taps are known for their inefficient water dispensing and washing hands with one will waste significant amounts of water. The photo shows waste bottles discarded on the floor where the communal wash station is placed, these bottles could be reused for hygiene and handwashing.
The ICRC “Tanks with Tap” (FIGURE 5) uses 50ml of water per hand wash, SpaTap uses less in water saving mode. These are for a communal use. SpaTap with a large bottle can be used communally or in private house. SpaTap immediately reduces cross contamination.
2.3.1 The LaBobo (FIGURE 6)
The happy tap is a cumbersome piece of kit and appears to waste water. Children like the colourful effect of the Happy tap, SpaTap comes in a range of colours and can also have funny faces printed on it, as well as NGO logos. SpaTap has been proved commercially in the camping and outdoor sector and is regarded as a useful tool by campers, members of the Armed forces and sports people. SpaTap’s use within a wide range of markets and scenarios has meant thorough testing in a multitude of situations.